In Russia young people who wants to study medicine apply to a medical institute or medical departments of the universities. After successful passing entrance examinations young people become students. Curricula of a medical institute include a six-year course in medicine or a five-year course in dentistry and pharmacy.
The medical course is divided into the pre-clinical course, the clinical course, subinternship and internship.
The pre-clinical course lasts two years. Each academic year is divided into two terms. During their pre-clinical course students attend lectures, seminars and tutorials on the basic medical sciences such as anatomy, histology, physiology and biochemistry. They also have practical classes in these subjects. In addition, their curriculum includes, for instance, biology, chemistry, physics and languages. All these subjects are compulsory for the students.
The clinical course takes three years. The students ate trained in clinical subjects such as medicine, surgery, pathology, obstetric and gynaecology, psychiatry, neurology, pediatrics, etc. In addition they also attend courses in diagnostics, therapy and prophylactics. Apart from their theoretical education they have the opportunity to take case histories and to perform physical examinations. They assist doctors on the wards, in the operating theatre, and in out-patient departments.
The 6-th year of medical studies the so called subinternship is spent at a hospital. The students gain more experience of the main clinical subjects — internal diseases, surgery and obstetrics and gynaecology. They take a speciality in which they are interested. On successful completion of the subinternship the students before they begin to work at the place of their appointment spend a year (the 7-th year of studies) as interns at a large hospital, specially suited for practical studies. Their salaries and their service record begin from the time of their appointment.
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